Knee Injuries - This is the second in a blog series intended to educate the reader about common knee injuries. Most people have had a minor knee problem at one time or another. Knee problems and injuries most often occur during sports or recreational activities, work-related tasks, or home projects.
Sudden (acute) injuries may be caused by a direct blow to the knee or from abnormal twisting, bending the knee, or falling on the knee. Pain, bruising, or swelling may be severe and develop within minutes of the injury. Nerves or blood vessels may be pinched or damaged during the injury. The knee or lower leg may feel numb, weak, or cold; tingle; or look pale or blue. Acute injuries include:
· Sprains, strains, or other injuries to the ligaments and tendons that connect and support the kneecap.
· A tear in the rubbery cushions of the knee joint (meniscus).
· Ligament tears, such as the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is the most commonly injured ligament of the knee.
· Breaks (fracture) of the kneecap, lower portion of the femur, or upper part of the tibia or fibula. Knee fractures are most commonly caused by abnormal force, such as a falling on the knee, a severe twisting motion, severe force that bends the knee, or when the knee forcefully hits an object.
· Kneecap dislocation. This type of dislocation occurs more frequently in 13- to 18-year-old girls. Pieces of bone or tissue (loose bodies) from a fracture or dislocation may get caught in the joint and interfere with movement.
· Knee joint dislocation. This is a rare injury that requires great force. It is a serious injury and requires immediate medical care.
Overuse knee injuries occur with repetitive activities or repeated or prolonged pressure on the knee. Activities such as stair climbing, bicycle riding, jogging, or jumping can stress joints and other tissues and lead to irritation and inflammation. Overuse injuries include:
· Inflammation of the small sacs of fluid that cushion and lubricate the knee (bursitis).
· Inflammation of the tendons (tendinitis) or small tears in the tendons (tendinosis).
· Thickening or folding of the knee ligaments (plica syndrome).
· Pain in the front of the knee from overuse, injury, excess weight, or problems in the kneecap (patellofemoral pain syndrome).
· Irritation and inflammation of the band of fibrous tissue that runs down the outside of the thigh (iliotibial band syndrome).
The third and final in this blog series on knee injuries will discuss common types of treatment for knee injuries:
If you or a loved one has been the victim of a serious injury or fatality, you may be entitled to compensation. Contact an experienced personal injury trial lawyer at The Maurer Law Firm, PLLC to schedule a free consultation to discuss your rights by filling out our free website "Tell Us About Your Case" review form, or phone us directly at 845- 896-5295.
Posted by Ira M. Maurer, Esq. for The Maurer Law Firm, PLLC
Lifetime Member of the Multi-Million Dollar Advocates Forum